What is Menopause And The Most Common Symptoms

April 26, 2020



Maybe you feel different; you are wondering if you’re in menopause. Some of the most common symptoms, such as mood swings and irregular cycles, are frequent. You may be in perimenopause. Learn to manage symptoms as soon as possible.

Menopause is sometimes known as ‘the’ change of life’ as it marks the end of a woman’s reproductive life. At menopause, ovulation no longer happens, and the creation of both oestrogen and progesterone stops.

Usually, the word “menopause” refers to the last or final menstrual period that a female encounter but, in reality, menopause has distinct phases.

The first phase of menopause is pre-menopause

Pre-menopause is the stage when the menstrual cycle is usually regular. The duration of the period is 28 days, but it isn’t similar for all women. In that phase, hormone production remains constant; It’s the woman’s reproductive phase.

Around 30 years of age, the ovaries begin to produce less estrogen and progesterone, the hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle; in this stage, fertility begins to decrease.

The second phase of menopause is perimenopause

Usually, between 45 and 50 years is the phase in which the first significant changes show. The first sign is a drastic reduction of fertility; however, the woman still can get pregnant. The main physiological change is represented by the drop in estrogen production, the primary female sex hormones.

The first symptom concerns the menstrual cycle. In some women, it represents the presence of a more abundant cycle and a shorter period; others instead have increasingly long cycles.

Symptoms of menopause can start at age 45 and during for 5-10 years ahead. In that time, women have some possibility to get pregnant, so keep using contraception precautions.

The last phase of menopause is postmenopause

When a woman has had no periods for 12 successive months; finally, the women are in postmenopausal.

Good news! The main difference between perimenopausal and post-menopause is precisely the decrease of the menopause symptoms and discomforts. Throughout the years ahead, the woman might improve the quality of life significantly.

Premature menopause might happen before 40 for many reasons, your ovarian function could quit, or the lady was undergone surgery to remove the uterus etc.

Physical symptoms of menopause

The most common symptoms include:

  • hot flashes and night sweats
  • physical aches and pains
  • dry skin
  • vaginal dryness
  • loss of libido
  • urinary frequency
  • sleep problems.

Several women can experience symptoms more often and more intensely than others. Numerous treatments can help to have a better quality of life for the years to come.

Psychological symptoms of menopause

During the stages of menopause, you are likely to intensify the symptoms that have been going on for a long time in your life.

Symptoms such as:

  • mood swings
  • forgetfulness
  • irritability
  • difficulty of concentration

Difficulty of concentration depend on the low amount of estrogen in the body, associated with a lower quantity of serotonin

Depression is no longer prevalent in menopause compared to other stages of life, especially if you have suffered from depression in the past.

Anyway, the symptoms of menopause are not the same for all women; the health conditions in the years preceding menopause influence both the way and the intensity it occurs.

To better understand are psychological and cognitive symptoms of menopause, follow the link this and know what this is about!

How do I know if I’m in menopause?

Woman menopause symptoms mood swings, forgetfulness

Menopause diagnosis can be made based on the symptoms described by the woman.

The doctor may also request a hormonal evaluation to certify that the changes are due to menopause and rule out other diseases such as thyroid dysfunction.

Some doctors may order hormone testing as a measurement of elevated follicle-stimulating hormone. However, it isn’t reliable during the perimenopause period since hormones fluctuate daily at this stage.

How can menopause symptoms be handled?

Being informed about what awaits us during the stages of menopause is fundamental to making decisions on how to manage the most critical periods and subsequent changes to promote general well-being.

It is time for self-management of menopause symptoms.

Make easy

In this day are available many alternative treatments that help a lot during the transition phase, between them we can list;

Aromatherapy, “natural” remedies derived from plants and herbs, relaxation techniques, acupuncture etc. Although there isn’t scientific evidence to prove the effectiveness of these alternative treatments, many women find it equally valid. Whatever your choice, you want to make sure to consult a trusted medical opinion before starting the treatment.

Hоrmоnе Thеrару (HRT) оr hоrmоnе rерlасеmеnt therapy оr оvаrіаn hormone therapy, іt is a trеаtmеnt іnvоlvіng the uѕе оf еѕtrоgеn and рrоgеѕtеrоnе tо supplement thе dесlіnіng levels of thеѕе hоrmоnеѕ in fеmаlе bоdу durіng the days оf mеnораuѕe.

Feeling confident about the menopause

menopause wellbeing woman

Women can experience physical and emotional changes during the transition. Many women are prompted at this time to take stock of their own lives and set new objectives.

Menopause occurs at a period when many women may be juggling roles as mothers of Teenagers, as carers of older parents, and as members of the workforce.

Experts suggest that producing some ‘me time’ is essential to Keep life balance. Psychotherapy or holistic therapy could be seen as a new beginning.

In essence, it’s an excellent time to assess lifestyle, wellness and also to commit to trying for ongoing ‘health’  to prevent further complications.


  • “The Menopause Solution”, Stephanie S. Faubion, 2016, Time Inc. Books.
  • Your Menopause Bible”, Dr. Robin M. Phillips, 2005, UK, Carroll & Brown Publishers Limited.
  • The Wisdom Of Menopause: The complete guide to physical and emotional health during the change”, Christiane Northrup, 26 Apr 2001, UK, Piatrus Book Ltd, London.

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